Trichomoniasis is a parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis, which leads to inflammation of the genitourinary system. It is transmitted mainly through sexual intercourse. Infection with the microorganism is possible through contact with infected material (toiletries, clothing). Cases of infection of the child by the mother during natural childbirth have also been reported. Trichomonas vaginalis infections are very common – in 2016 nearly 156 million new cases were reported worldwide.
Men are usually asymptomatic carriers. Sporadically, they may develop urethritis, prostate inflammation and other ailments of the urogenital tract. The infection in women is usually asymptomatic, with occasional not very profuse watery, foul-smelling, green-yellow discharges. Vaginal inflammation accompanied by itching, burning and painful urination may occur. In the case of Trichomonas vaginalis infection, it is highly important to test and treat the man who, due to the lack of symptoms accompanying the infection, is often an unaware carrier of the pathogen causing trichomoniasis.
The drug used in the course of Trichomonas vaginalis infection is metronidazole.
In the case of a positive test result for an infection of the intimate areas, the partner and the persons with whom you have had sexual intercourse during the last two months should be informed immediately. Partners should also be tested for the infection. Sexual restraint should be maintained during and up to one week after the end of treatment.